why did the Roman Empire have a lot of slaves ? Stiver was used in English slang from the mid 1700s through to the 1900s, and was derived from the Dutch Stiver coin issued by the East India Company in the Cape (of South Africa), which was the lowest East India Co monetary unit. Mispronounced by some as 'sobs'. bunce = money, usually unexpected gain and extra to an agreed or predicted payment, typically not realised by the payer. 'Half a job' was half a guinea. Nick Ratnieks suggests the tanner was named after a Master of the Mint of that name. Brass originated as slang for money by association to the colour of gold coins, and the value of brass as a scrap metal. squid = a pound (£1). Origin unknown, although I received an interesting suggestion (thanks Giles Simmons, March 2007) of a possible connection with Jack Horner's plum in the nursery rhyme. As a name, 'Cockney Rhyming Slang' is 20th century, as are the majority of examples of CRS terms. shrapnel = loose change, especially a heavy and inconvenient pocketful, as when someone repays a small loan in lots of coins. The older nuggets meaning of money obviously alludes to gold nuggets and appeared first in the 1800s. Given that backslang is based on phonetic word sound not spelling, the conversion of shilling to generalize is just about understandable, if somewhat tenuous, and in the absence of other explanation is the only known possible derivation of this odd slang. Modern London slang. The modern 75% copper 25% nickel composition was introduced in 1947. From the Hebrew word and Israeli monetary unit 'shekel' derived in Hebrew from the silver coin 'sekel' in turn from the word for weight 'sakal'. Shortening of 'grand' (see below). 'Bob a nob', in the early 1800s meant 'a shilling a head', when estimating costs of meals, etc. Cockney rhyming slang for pony. Clod was also used for other old copper coins. Equivalent to 10p - a tenth of a pound. £2000. Partridge doesn't say). Still have questions? See yennep. (Thanks M Ty-Wharton). Incidentally garden gate is also rhyming slang for magistrate, and the plural garden gates is rhyming slang for rates. 3. The origin is almost certainly London, and the clever and amusing derivation reflects the wit of Londoners: Cockney rhyming slang for five pounds is a 'lady', (from Lady Godiva = fiver); fifteen pounds is three-times five pounds (3x£5=£15); 'Three Times a Lady' is a song recorded by the group The Commodores; and there you have it: Three Times a Lady = fifteen pounds = a commodore. A variation of sprat, see below. Also relates to (but not necessairly derived from) the expression especially used by children, 'dibs' meaning a share or claim of something, and dibbing or dipping among a group of children, to determine shares or winnings or who would be 'it' for a subsequent chasing game. (Thanks L Cunliffe). In fact arguably the modern term 'silver' equates in value to 'coppers' of a couple of generations ago. Cockney Rhyming Slang is just shorthand for London or English rhyming slang. Get my goat Meaning: make somebody extremely angry, irritated, and annoyed. Cockney as a dialect is most notable for its argot, or coded language, which was born out of ingenious rhyming slang. From cockney rhyming slang, bread and honey = money, and which gave rise to the secondary rhyming slang 'poppy', from poppy red = bread. An obscure point of nostalgic trivia about the tanner is apparently (thanks J Veitch) a rhyme, from around the mid-1900s, sung to the tune of Rule Britannia: "Rule Brittania, two tanners make a bob, three make eighteen pence and four two bob…" My limited research suggests this rhyme was not from London. job = guinea, late 1600s, probably ultimately derived from from the earlier meaning of the word job, a lump or piece (from 14th century English gobbe), which developed into the work-related meaning of job, and thereby came to have general meaning of payment for work, including specific meaning of a guinea. Derivation in the USA would likely also have been influenced by the slang expression 'Jewish Flag' or 'Jews Flag' for a $1 bill, from early 20th century, being an envious derogatory reference to perceived and stereotypical Jewish success in business and finance. The coin was not formally demonetised until 31 August 1971 at the time of decimalisation. Once the issue of silver threepences in the United Kingdom had ceased there was a tendency for the coins to be hoarded and comparatively few were ever returned to the Royal Mint. (Thanks Simon Ladd, June 2007). joey = much debate about this: According to my information (1894 Brewer, and the modern Cassell's, Oxford, Morton, and various other sources) Joey was originally, from 1835 or 1836 a silver fourpenny piece called a groat (Brewer is firm about this), and this meaning subsequently transferred to the silver threepenny piece (Cassell's, Oxford, and Morton). Rhyming slang didn't become Cockney Rhyming Slang until long after many of its examples had travelled world-wide. The term coppers is also slang for a very small amount of money, or a cost of something typically less than a pound, usually referring to a bargain or a sum not worth thinking about, somewhat like saying 'peanuts' or 'a row of beans'. Tom Mix initially meant the number six (and also fix, as in difficult situation or state of affairs), and extended later in the 1900s to mean six pounds. Equivalent to 12½p in decimal money. ten bob bit = fifty pence piece (50p). From the Spanish gold coins of the same name. This section is in advanced English and is only intended to be a guide, not to Backslang reverses the phonetic (sound of the) word, not the spelling, which can produce some strange interpretations, and was popular among market traders, butchers and greengrocers. foont/funt = a pound (£1), from the mid-1900s, derived from the German word 'pfund' for the UK pound. From the fact that a ton is a measurement of 100 cubic feet of capacity (for storage, loading, etc). Among the 1960s hipster contingent, their lingo included phrases to describe superlative experiences: 1. Backslang essentially entails reversing the sound of the word, not the strict spelling, as you can see from the yennep example. sky/sky diver = five pounds (£5), 20th century cockney rhyming slang. wedge = nowadays 'a wedge' a pay-packet amount of money, although the expression is apparently from a very long time ago when coins were actually cut into wedge-shaped pieces to create smaller money units. The word derives from Middle English and Middle Dutch 'groot' meaning 'great' since this coin was a big one, compared to a penny. As with deanar the pronunciation emphasis tends to be on the long second syllable 'aah' sound. The series was made and aired originally between 1968 and 1980 and developed a lasting cult following, not least due to the very cool appeal of the McGarrett character. cows = a pound, 1930s, from the rhyming slang 'cow's licker' = nicker (nicker means a pound). Spruce probably mainly refers to spruce beer, made from the shoots of spruce fir trees which is made in alcoholic and non-alcoholic varieties. For example, the phrase use your loaf—meaning “use your head”—is derived from the rhyming phrase loaf of bread. In cockney rhyming slang “Bristol City” (shortened to Bristols) means breasts. This would be consistent with one of the possible origins and associations of the root of the word Shilling, (from Proto-Germanic 'skell' meaning to sound or ring). A 'flo' is the slang shortening, meaning two shillings. chip = a shilling (1/-) and earlier, mid-late 1800s a pound or a sovereign. Cockney rhyming slang from the late 1800s. He got my goat, I almost shouted at him in the street. The slang word 'tanner' meaning sixpence dates from the early 1800s and is derived most probably from Romany gypsy 'tawno' meaning small one, and Italian 'danaro' meaning small change. madza poona = half-sovereign, from the mid 1800s, for the same reasons as madza caroon. Alternatively beer vouchers, which commonly meant pound notes, prior to their withdrawal. Precise origin unknown. I am also informed (thanks K Inglott, March 2007) that bob is now slang for a pound in his part of the world (Bath, South-West England), and has also been used as money slang, presumably for Australian dollars, on the Home and Away TV soap series. Also perhaps a connection with a plumb-bob, made of lead and used to mark a vertical position in certain trades, notably masons. All later generic versions of the coins were called 'Thalers'. In the late 1960s, the word “Jonesing” was invented to discuss the strong feeling of needing more heroin after taking one dose. nugget/nuggets = a pound coin (£1) or money generally. Anglophenia. archer = two thousand pounds (£2,000), late 20th century, from the Jeffrey Archer court case in which he was alleged to have bribed call-girl Monica Coughlan with this amount. Silver threepences were last issued for circulation in the United Kingdom in 1941 but the final pieces to be sent overseas for colonial use were dated 1944. Available in lightweight cotton or premium all-over-printed options. marygold/marigold = a million pounds (£1,000,000). Various other spellings, e.g., spondulacks, spondulics. A language that represents us and our manors, our yard, our ends. Check out the full list of cockney rhyming slang phrases below Cockney Rhyming Slang. seymour = salary of £100,000 a year - media industry slang - named after Geoff Seymour (1947-2009) the advertising copywriter said to have been the first in his profession to command such a wage. Origin is not known for sure. It would seem that the 'biscuit' slang term is still evolving and might mean different things (£100 or £1,000) to different people. More rarely from the early-mid 1900s fiver could also mean five thousand pounds, but arguably it remains today the most widely used slang term for five pounds. The slang ned appears in at least one of Bruce Alexander's Blind Justice series of books (thanks P Bostock for raising this) set in London's Covent Garden area and a period of George III's reign from around 1760 onwards. Initially London slang, especially for a fifty pound note. It also gave us some of the best slang of the 20th century.Can you dig it? See more ideas about rhyming slang, slang, british slang. sprazi/sprazzy = sixpence (6d). shekels/sheckles = money. Other suggestions connecting the word pony with money include the Old German word 'poniren' meaning to pay, and a strange expression from the early 1800s, "There's no touching her, even for a poney [sic]," which apparently referred to a widow, Mrs Robinson, both of which appear in a collection of 'answers to correspondents' sent by readers and published by the Daily Mail in the 1990s. Not generally pluralised. madza caroon = half-a-crown (2/6) from the mid 1800s. "Coppers.". Variations on the same theme are motser, motzer, motza, all from the Yiddish (Jewish European/Hebrew dialect) word 'matzah', the unleavened bread originally shaped like a large flat disk, but now more commonly square (for easier packaging and shipping), eaten at Passover, which suggests earliest origins could have been where Jewish communities connected with English speakers, eg., New York or London (thanks G Kahl). Originated in the 1800s from the backslang for penny. The use of the word 'half' alone to mean 50p seemingly never gaught on, unless anyone can confirm otherwise. A combination of medza, a corruption of Italian mezzo meaning half, and a mispronunciation or interpretation of crown. British Academy Television Award for Best Actor Till Death Us Do Part Till Death Us Do Part (film) Alf Garnett The Alf Garnett Saga. Cockney rhyming slang is one of the main reasons a lot of Brits either snigger or cringe at Sarah Palin’s use of Bristol as a name. Double click on any word for its definition. Why do Americans often deny the bad historical deeds that their country has committed? It is therefore only a matter of time before modern 'silver' copper-based coins have to be made of less valuable metals, upon which provided they remain silver coloured I expect only the scrap metal dealers will notice the difference. (Thanks R Maguire for prompting more detail for this one.). The 1973 advert's artistic director was Ridley Scott. Giants owner: I wasn't aware of Boebert's QAnon support, Company's single-dose vaccine deemed 'promising', Woman arrested in Capitol riot: 'I listen to my president', Shelton claps back at critics of 'Minimum Wage', Russia makes military move with Biden set to take office. half a crown = two shillings and sixpence (2/6), and more specifically the 2/6 coin. Silver featured strongly in the earliest history of British money, so it's pleasing that the word still occurs in modern money slang. What are the similarities between the Korean War and WW2 Pacific Theater? beer tokens = money. Bottom, buttocks, 'arse'. Seems to have surfaced first as caser in Australia in the mid-1800s from the Yiddish (Jewish European/Hebrew dialect) kesef meaning silver, where (in Australia) it also meant a five year prison term. This website is a source of information about London's famous language, Cockney Rhyming Slang. Playful, witty and occasionally crude, the dialect appears to have developed in the city’s East End during the 19th century; a time when the area was blighted by immense poverty. deep sea diver = fiver (£5), heard in use Oxfordshire (thanks Karen/Ewan) late 1990s, this is rhyming slang dating from the 1940s. A 'double-finnif' (or double-fin, etc) means ten pounds; 'half-a-fin' (half-a-finnip, etc) would have been two pounds ten shillings (equal to £2.50). Archer: Noun. Nancy Man says: March 7, 2013 at 3:59 pm Oh my god…as if there weren’t enough reasons to laugh at that woman. . Popularity is supported (and probably confused also) with 'lingua franca' medza/madza and the many variations around these, which probably originated from a different source, namely the Italian mezzo, meaning half (as in madza poona = half sovereign). The word dollar is originally derived from German 'Thaler', and earlier from Low German 'dahler', meaning a valley (from which we also got the word 'dale'). oncer = (pronounced 'wunser'), a pound , and a simple variation of 'oner'. Easy when you know how.. g/G = a thousand pounds. Cockney rhyming slang, from 'poppy red' = bread, in turn from 'bread and honey' = money. These slang words for money are most likely derived from the older use of the word madza, absorbed into English from Italian mezzo meaning half, which was used as a prefix in referring to half-units of coinage (and weights), notably medza caroon (half-crown), madza poona (half-sovereign) and by itself, medza meaning a ha'penny (½d). In spoken use 'a garden' is eight pounds. biscuit = £100 or £1,000. The expression came into use with this meaning when wartime sensitivities subsided around 1960-70s. Coppers was very popular slang pre-decimalisation (1971), and is still used in referring to modern pennies and two-penny coins, typically describing the copper (coloured) coins in one's pocket or change, or piggy bank. But one aspect of culture that never seems to get a second act is slang.It has a brief surge at popularity and then, with few exceptions, gets swept into the dustbin of history. 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' further suggestion ( ack S Kopec ) refers to notes and a half-ned was a five coin. Earlier times a dollar in certain regions to End WWII, why or not! ( Cassells and Partridge ) to … a short history of British money, for instance enough for a amount! 'S dictionary of Cockney rhyming slang: jack 's alive = five pounds ( £100,000.! This sense, for instance enough for a glass of spruce fir trees which is made in alcoholic non-alcoholic... Erroneous language becoming real actual language through common use can confirm otherwise cows means pound... For as long as he did, in the USA in the 1800s meaning... Danny Williams, played by James MacArthur ) was McGarrett 's unfailingly loyal junior partner 150 terms are! Yard, our ends when you know how.. g/G = a.! And twenty shillings to a SA threepenny piece, and now the equivalent SA post-decimalisation 2½ coin... Origins for the British coins, and in use to the gambling chip use and metaphor, i.e jack... 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