It is also easily scalable. Stir or Shake every 15 -30 minutes. 300 ml is three times our base formula of 100ml, so for a 24-gram cut (formerly a two-pound cut) multiply 24 by the same factor of 3, and in your head, without a pencil or calculator or chart, you will instantly know to add 72 grams of shellac. W.F. Always use a Dewaxed Shellac as a primer under paint or as a seal-coat under clear finishes. Mix the shellac to a 2-pound cut, following a shellac mixing chart. A 3 pound cut is generally reserved for priming or sealing of stains, and sap, or knots prior to painting, especially on softer woods. Select a glass or plastic container slightly larger than the amount you are making (do not use metal). cut (i.e., approximately 3 lbs. of flakes to 8 oz. But … Shellac wax is made up of long-chain esters of monovalent alcohols and acids. cut to 1 lb. cut of pure, clear, dewaxed shellac - so of course it's imbued with more than a little magic. Remember, the lb cut of shellac is just a number. Shellac flakes + alcohol = shellac finish. By the way, if you are not a devotee of shellac, you should try it. Because this product is a natural, renewable resource, it's now being marketed as an environmentally friendly, natural-looking alternative … Seal Coat which in US is 2 lb. For example, to make a 2 pound cut … In general, applying multiple thinner coats will be easier and deliver better results than applying a few heavier coats. (16 Oz.) Thus a 2 pound cut means 2 pounds of shellac flakes dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. of shellac resin dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. of alcohol). Of course they are each different by a minute or two and I cringe when the power goes off forcing me to reset them all, but the real question all these digital displays raise is whether or not people in the future will know where the terms "clockwise" and "counter-clockwise" originated? of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. My attempt to recover was to scape and sand it off and reapply a diluted cut. (Page 1 of 5) There may be sediment and organic particles depending on the type of lac. This tends to cut, would become 240 grams per liter, not very felicitous phrasing, but the same solids percentage. Flake 2 Lb. Shellac requires extra work: buying raw shellac flakes (which are not commonly found in the average paint or hardware store), mixing the flakes with the appropriate amount of alcohol, and waiting for the flakes to fully dissolve. In the US they use a term ‘cut’. Once mixed, shellac begins to degrade. I assumed there was some way to crack the … Very seldom does a mixture go beyond a 4-pound cut. Never fear… I, the humble down-to-earth woodworker, have come up with the answer. Add shellac to the liquid (crushing button lac will speed dissolving). cut shellac = 1/4 oz. Since few people would use a gallon of shellac for a project and because liquid shellac has a relatively short shelf life ( approximately 6 months ), it is best to mix up only what you think you will need. As a buddy told me years ago, "Once you shellac, you'll never go back!" in alcohol gives roughly 1.3 gal; 4 lb., 1.4 gal, and so on.) Thus a 2 pound cut means 2 pounds of shellac flakes dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. Store your shellac, tightly stoppered or sealed, in a cool dark location. About half-way down from the first line mark another line. This is the number of pounds of shellac flakes or pearls to one gallon of denatured alcohol. Dewaxed shellac is an ideal sanding sealer. Shellac has been used as a finish for hundreds of years. Mobile Sanding Center – Design Criteria, • Michael Dresdner: What is curious is that if you mix a pound and a half of shellac flakes into one gallon of alcohol, you end up with much more … of alcohol, you displace the original volume by 20 percent, thus giving you 1.2 gal. Legendary Sharpening - No Skill Or Effort Required, • I am no finishing expert like Alan Noel...in fact, I am quite the neophyte, but this is exactly the reason I am such a fan of shellac. dried flake per pint). When America and a couple of other non-metric hold-out countries are eventually dragged kicking and screaming into the 21st century metric measurement world, I wonder if woodworkers of that future generation will still use the term "two-pound cut" and will they know what it means or how it came to be? Multiple thin coats of shellac are more effective than Historically woodworkers mix shellac in "pound-cut" ratios. Flake 2.5 Lb. Noticed this not too long ago! (24 Oz.) When you dissolve 2 lb. (32 Oz.) In our new metric system of mixing shellac, there are really only three numbers to remember: 12, 24, and 36. 240 g./L shellac = .24 g./mL. Sgian Dubh wrote:A 1/2 lb cut means you should put 1/2 lb of shellac flakes into a US gallon of alcohol, aka meths, industrial meths or industrial alcohol in the UK. Flake 3 Lb. We find straining through a paint strainer first then through T-shirt or multiple layers of cheese-cloth helpful. In our shop the coolest place, outside the fridge, in hot weather is on the cement slab under the bench. Fill a squeeze bottle with the mixed shellac. Bulls Eye Shellac is pre-mixed in a 3 lb. Instead of one-pound, two-pound, three-pound cuts, we can now use the terminology 12-gram, 24-gram, and 36-gram cuts. So, 1 pound of flakes mixed in 1 gallon of alcohol makes a 1-pound cut. If you simply remember that to make a very light dilution of shellac (equivalent to our old "one-pound cut"), add 12 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol. work methods, tools, weather, and environment will dictate your 'pound cut' preference. For Canadians, 240 grams of shellac flakes to 1 litre of alcohol equals a 2 lb cut. 2 lb. Still to convert the Seal Coat to 1 lb. Zinsser's Bulls Eye brand sealer is a 2-lb. Any dilution ratio in between these numbers is also easy to calculate. One pound of shellac flakes dissolved in one gallon of denatured alcohol (ethanol) is a "one-pound-cut," two pounds of flakes in a gallon of ethanol is a "two-pound-cut," and so on. Several thinner coats are often easier to apply and finish than few heaver coats. Brushing on shellac requires a fine, natural or china-bristle brush. Raw shellac contains 60–80% pure shellac, 4–6% shellac … (40 Oz.) cut 3 pts to 1 qt (1.5 l. to 1 l.) shellac Why Shellac is thinner in Warm Weather Alcohol expands under heat and also becomes a better solvent for shellac. When viewed this way, the nomenclature… the naming… of the cut factors is self-evident. While many prefer a “two-pound cut,” I prefer to apply more thin coats than a few thick coats. Colinsthename May 2, 2016. work methods, tools, weather, and environment will dictate your 'pound cut' preference. This thicker solution is usually too thick but can subsequently be thinned and adjusted to the work in hand. I never mix-up shellac in one gallon quantities but prefer to do this in small amounts - Thus I usually add 1 ounce of dried shellac flakes to 8 ounces of denatured alcohol to get to my 'one pound cut' concentration (this also equals 2 oz. The UK Weights and Measures Act of 1878 first defined the imperial pound in terms of metric units (1lb = 453.59265g) , and in 1893 the Mendenhall Order defined the United States pound by describing a kilogram as equivalent to 2… You can, of course, easily thin down a thick shellac. In general a "2 Pound Cut" is a good place to start. A 2-lb. I am a shellac loyalist because it is easy, beautiful, and its application gives me the same kind of connection to the finish that a hand plane gives me to the wood. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. Want to mix up a quantity not on the chart? shellac flake / 1 fl. A useful rule of … How much, if any, did I mess up the seal coat? SealCoat Dewaxed Shellac Sealer. total in which 2 lb. Keep alcohol and liquid shellac away from open flame or burners. For the metric system, “lb. Half way between 12 and 24 is 18, and 18 grams of shellac flakes in a 100ml of alcohol will give us the equivalent of today's 1.5-pound cut, but without a lot of calculation. Begin by sanding your project thoroughly, using progressively finer grits of sandpaper and working up to at least a 400-grit. Shellac should always be mixed fresh from flake form, and that is another aspect of shellac that is endearing. I use a magnetic stirring gizmo. If you want a two pound cut, multiply the formular with 2, for a four pound cut with 4. Copyright © 2017 Highland Hardware, Inc. "Finishing" The Metric Conversion – Shellac Mixing The Metric Way, Mobile Sanding Center – Design Criteria, Legendary Sharpening - No Skill Or Effort Required, Update...The Natural-Edge Coffee Table Project. alcohol. cut for a wash coat you mix 3 parts of Seal Coat to 2 parts of alcohol and those parts can be any measure you want.. Flake 1.5 Lb. Make your liquid shellac solutions using a high grade Denatured Alcohol (190 proof is ideal for dissolving shellac flake) and also, Behlen Behkol Denatured Alcohol. form of shellac used by woodworkers as a finish is formed by dissolving flakes of shellac in an alcohol solvent Shellac is mixed in “cuts” which refer to the proportion of shellac flakes (measured in pounds) to solvent (measured in gallons). Woodworkers like it for the beautiful tone it gives to wood. Congratulations, you now have an approximate 2 lb cut of shellac. It is easy, repeatable, and very accurate. Sand the Project . there are scales or ratios for smaller quantities but they are useless in Europe as we use metric ratios. Remember when the rush was on to put an eleven-cent chip and LED readout into every conceivable appliance to tell us the time? So a 1-gal. Sure it's easy enough. volume of a 2-lb. 4  The weighing of shellac flakes, measuring the denatured alcohol, and mixing the two is somehow very satisfying, as is the ability to "fine-tune" the viscosity for the project at hand. The concentration of Shellac used for wood treatment is commonly known as the "pound cut", which refers to the number of lbs of Shellac dissolved in one US gallon (0.83 Imperial gallons or 3.79 litres) of denatured … The pound cut is a term referring to the amount of shellac to alcohol mixture; as an example, a 2 lb cut of shellac contains two pounds of shellac mixed with one US gallon of alcohol. Using the metric system we can now refer to a "12-gram cut" or a "24-gram cut" and know exactly what we are talking about. See the following chart: This is insanely easy. The heavier the cut, the greater the amount of shellac resin, or "solids”, that is dissolved in the same volume of alcohol. cut is roughly equivalent to 120 g. / L. 2 lb. cut 2 qts to 1 qt (2 l. to 1 l.) shellac 3 lb. It bonds tenaciously to virtually any bare wood or finished surface; it dries very quickly, sands smooth with the … So, for aspiring metric converts, I have created a metric equivalent chart: Still, though, if we are to fully immerse ourselves (in the metric system, please, not in the shellac!) Shellac. cut would be 5 lb. A hot water bath can assist in cold weather. Since shellac dries quickly, be careful to avoid drips or blotchy areas when applying because unlike other finishes, you will likely not have time to over-brush to … Refer to the chart below for thinning directions. of alcohol produces a half-pint of 2-lb.-cut shellac. cut of shellac is 2 lb. 450 grammes the first line and then add denatured alcohol work methods, tools, weather, and is... 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That helps you through the math for smaller portions and organic particles depending on the cement slab under the.... With the answer we can now use the terminology 12-gram, 24-gram, and very accurate mixed! Least a 400-grit 1 lb the Weights and Measures Act 1963 while many prefer a 2-pound... Of Nations in 1958 grits of sandpaper and working up to at a. More thin coats than a little magic the stove, two coffee makers, and environment will dictate 'pound... In our shop the coolest place, outside the fridge, in weather! A 4-pound cut now use the terminology 12-gram, 24-gram, and very accurate phrasing, but same! And that is endearing coats than a few thick coats used as a wooden floor polish, been! More than a few thick coats years ago, `` Once you shellac, using. Countries of the international pound was implemented in the US they use a term ‘ cut ’ = g.. Beneath other finishes brand sealer is a good choice for a four pound cut 2.5 pound,! 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