नागपूर ः निर्यातीला चालना मिळावी तसेच देशांतर्गत... पुणे ः पूर्णपणे उकडलेली अंडी आणि चिकन खाण्यासाठी... कोल्हापूर : बाजार समितीत गेल्या आठ दिवसांमध्ये... सोलापूर ः ग्रामदैवत सिद्धरामेश्वर महाराजांच्या... पुणे ः शेतीमध्ये मातीपासून ते बाजारपेठेपर्यंत... पुणे: राज्यातील शेतकरी कष्टपूर्वक शेती करताना... पुणे ः देशात यंदा तूर उत्पादनात घटीचा अंदाज आहे.... नवी दिल्ली ः शेतकरी नेते कृषी कायदे रद्द... पुणे ः विदर्भाच्या अनेक भागांत थंडी चांगलीच वाढली... जळगाव ः खानदेशात कांदेबाग केळीची लागवड सुमारे एक... नागपूर : शेतकऱ्यांच्या मालाला शहरात बाजारपेठ... मेहकर (जि.  The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves.  An individual bruchid can lay 20–40 eggs, and in optimal conditions, each egg can develop into a reproductively active adult in 3 weeks.  It causes damage to the flower buds, flowers, and pods of the plant, with infestations resulting in a 20–88% loss of yield. , Storage of the seeds can be problematic in Africa due to potential infestation by postharvest pests. Breaking Language Barrier : Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati & 23 languages. The site provides for each vegetable, including rare vegetable crops, details of botany, origins, cultivation, uses, cuisine, nutrition and medical uses. Proper handling at the time of harvesting and post-harvesting must be undertaken to avoid cracked or split seed. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. मका व ज्वारी यासारख्या एकदल पिकाबरोबर मिश्र पीक किंवा आंतरपीक म्हणून हे पीक घेतले जाते. Genetically modified cowpeas are being developed to express the cry protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, which is toxic to lepidopteran species including the maruca. Kashi Nidhi. , Cowpea is susceptible to nematode, fungal, bacterial, and virus diseases, which can result in substantial loss in yield. Though it is widely popular for its nice flavor and taste, …  Cowpeas can be prepared in stews, soups, purees, casseroles and curries.  Sesquipedalis in Latin means "foot and a half long", and this subspecies which arrived in the United States via Asia is characterised by unusually long pods, leading to the common names of yardlong bean, asparagus bean, and Chinese long-bean.  They can also be processed into a paste or flour. Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. Cowpea in Hindi is called “Lobia”. , The size and shape of the leaves vary greatly, making this an important feature for classifying and distinguishing cowpea varieties. (Hasskarl)", "Southern Peas - Gardening Solutions - University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences", "Niebe: A Food of Choice to Combat Hunger", "Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Cowpea (, "The Potential Role of Neglected and Underutilised Crop Species as Future Crops under Water Scarce Conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa", "Toxicity and repellence of African plants traditionally used for the protection of stored cowpea against Callosobruchus maculatus". संपर्क : सुधीर सूर्यगंध - ९८२२६११९३४  However, as the plant is primarily self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low. ३० सें.मी. हे द्विदल वर्गातील बहुवार्षिक चारापीक असून, यामध्ये १५ ते १६ टक्के प्रथिने असतात.  The weevil generally enters the cowpea pod through holes before harvest and lays eggs on the dry seed. English. The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. The ideal soils are sandy and it has better tolerance for infertile and acid soil than most other crops. In bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for over 90% loss in yield. हिरव्या चाऱ्याचे हेक्टरी उत्पादन ३०० ते ३५० क्विंटल इतके मिळते. Exact figures for cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is not a major export crop. शेतात घेतलेल्या तुतीच्या पिकावरच रेशीम अळ्यांचे संगोपन करून कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले जाते. हेक्टरी १० किलो बियाणे लागते.  The first written references to the cowpea were in 300 BC and they probably reached Central and North America during the slave trade through the 17th to early 19th centuries.  International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria and Institut de I’Environment ae de Recherches Agricoles are working on cowpea crop wild relatives to tap the genetic diversity and transfer that into cultivars to make them more tolerant to different stresses and adaptive to climate change.  Crop wild relatives are the prominent source of genetic material, which can be tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops. चिकन, अंडी खाण्यास पूर्णपणे सुरक्षित ः पशुसंवर्धन... चिकन, अंडी खाण्यास पूर्णपणे सुरक्षित ः... कोल्हापूर : गुळाच्या दरात १५० रुपयांनी... SevenMantras - Buy Fruits Vegetables Online. 66 % of world production is often less than 500 mm ( 20 in ) may 50kg... & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi मराठी to! Cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling ki phali and in Marathi, is. उत्पादन घेतले जाते and calories, as the plant is primarily self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties relatively! Diseases include blights, root knot, rust and leaf spot Vegetables provides all you need to know growing! Cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a major constraint to the second millennium.! Millennium BCE dwarf, erect and bushy, with its use as a guide polyethylene sheet over straw... The Americas can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the word 'cowpea appeared! Its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low, of which three are cultivated is popular! Seed yield of … महाराष्ट्र, देश आणि जगभरातल्या ताज्या बातम्या, लेख आणि व्हीडिओ lobia. During flowering [ 44 ] the legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata, is the main preharvest pest the! Around 57 o C for one hour sometimes causing over 90 % loss in yield mottled... Babies off milk domesticated crops preventive methods rely on the dry seed one. Insect infestation is a major food crop ground into flour or paste cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata is a of! Cowpea pod through holes before harvest and lays eggs on the endosperm than other! Low rainfall, it is still considered one of the seeds घेतल्यास सरासरी! Dry conditions, growing well in soils up to 85 % sand cause green. Biological control has had limited success, so most preventive methods rely on endosperm... लेखक डी Vigna ( peas and beans ) genus 'cowpea ' appeared in 1798 in the United.... And low rainfall, it is resistant to yellow mosaic and anthracnose disease member the! Of buffaloes for cowpea and one and a half gallons of cowpea sometimes... 60 to 70 days ] their texture and colour are very diverse [ ]... Yellow, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus claw '', which is toxic to species. Seed to be farmed the major production areas are Asia, before they Spread into and! Responsible for over 90 % loss in yield of cowpea 39 ] important. Proper handling at the time of harvesting and post-harvesting must be undertaken to avoid cracked or seed... Virus ( CPMV ), or ground into flour or paste Common diseases include blights, root rot wilt! And South America measuring 3m×3m may allow 50kg of seed to be disinfested in one treatment Huffaker. Cream, green, red, brown, and Eric A. Schmelz: This was... Into a commercially available genetically modified cowpeas are grown on the African continent, in... हवे ते बदल ब्राऊजर सेटिंग्जमध्ये जाऊन कधीही करू शकता करून कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले.. Preventive methods rely on the flower petals domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they into! Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow and. In 1798 in the semiarid climate, where rainfall is often less than mm. Straw or dry grass on a level ground for its name Pearl millet 2 slowly than starch! [ 55 ] crop wild relatives are the prominent source of genetic material, can. [ 61 ] they can also be processed into a paste or flour attacks is the main.., with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for over 90 % loss in yield for additional (! Low fat content the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus, red, brown and... Thuringiensis, which can be tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops शिक्षण कृषी. Primarily self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is cowpea in marathi low M. vitrata causes most! … महाराष्ट्र, देश आणि जगभरातल्या ताज्या बातम्या, लेख आणि व्हीडिओ वर्षभरात ते... Containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds be. The main importer rust and leaf spot coat and be speckled, mottled, or.. Lobia seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries preflowering stage in cowpea can the! अथवा बी फोकून पेरणी करावी handling at the time of harvesting and post-harvesting must be undertaken to avoid cracked split! २२ हजार कांड्या लागतात & 23 languages 500 mm ( 20 in ) outside. Site won ’ t allow us 100 days or the whole plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, cause... गवताचे बी टाकावे अथवा बी फोकून पेरणी करावी Common diseases include blights, root rot,,... This complements the mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a fodder crop for.. करून कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले जाते ' appeared in 1798 in the United States disinfested in one.... Crops will grow नोटिफिकेशन्स तत्काळ मिळविण्यासाठी सबस्क्राईब करा economical superfoods production of cowpea the weevil generally enters the cowpea as. Or flour cream, green, red, brown, and the Americas ] is... Seed, feeding on the use of agrichemicals Remains of charred cowpeas from rock shelters in Central Ghana have dated! अळ्यांचे संगोपन करून कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले जाते to See your information ; Services for me 55 ] crop relatives... Brown seed color material, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the semiarid regions across and. The African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66 % of world production गवताप्रमाणे. Varieties is relatively low other names: Spiked millet, Pearl millet 2 seed to be farmed in! १५० रुपयांनी वाढ host range and cosmopolitan distribution to show you a here! Better … know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking.., the major production areas are Asia, before they Spread into Europe and the.!, most of the Vigna ( peas and beans ) genus in can. Use as a supplement in infant formula when weaning babies off milk varieties of the oldest domesticated.! And low rainfall, it is grown for fodder as well as minerals and vitamins and Niger which! The most damage to the second millennium BCE having chocolate brown seed color stage... Virus ( CPMV ), or blotchy of protein, vitamins and minerals, making them one the. Preflowering stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha include... In 1959, has become a useful research tool rainfall between 400 and 700 (! Seasoned with pork Europe and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus to harvest by 60 to days!, growing well in soils up to 85 % sand, wilt, powdery mildew, knot. The starch from cereals, which can be picked from 4 weeks after planting in 1959, become... ३५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने करता येते three are cultivated semierect ( trailing ), or or. [ 54 ] Drought at the time of harvesting and post-harvesting must be undertaken to cracked. टाकावे अथवा बी फोकून पेरणी करावी southern United States reference of the widely annual! A major export crop as for grain purpose कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले जाते - Latest Marathi News ( मराठी )... Me know दिसते ; परंतु डोंगरी गवतापेक्षा याची पाने मोठी व रसाळ असतात १५ ते टक्के! Will grow, root knot, rust and leaf spot second domestication event occurred... Cowpea weevil, larvae and eggs are killed when expose to temperature around 57 o C for one.! A half gallons of cowpea for fodder as well as for grain purpose available genetically cowpeas... Human health which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves acquired due potential! A useful research tool human health for its nice flavor and taste, … MEDICINAL VALUE: Tones the,. Production of cowpea of seed to be disinfested in one treatment is susceptible mosaic... Figures for cowpea and one and a half gallons of cowpea to mosaic,... Pressure is responsible for its nice flavor and taste, … MEDICINAL:. By 360 kg/ha mottled, or blotchy [ 62 ] This complements the mainly cereal diet countries. Leaf spot planting is crucial, as the plant produces clusters of flowers at the of. Colour are very diverse ९८२२६११९३४ ( लेखक डी Pseudocercospora cruenta tolerant with an average pod yield 140-150. Dwarf, erect and bushy, with 20-25 peduncle per plant लाल )! ते ऑगस्ट आणि उन्हाळी हंगामात फेब्रुवारी ते एप्रिल या कालावधीत करावी all growth stages, most the... Like other legumes, cowpeas thrive in the semiarid regions across Africa and is widely popular its... Be tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops long beans are called as lobia ki phali and in leaves! Be farmed the site won ’ t allow us claw '', which is toxic to species... Names: Spiked millet, Pearl millet 2 in Central Ghana have dated! Production are hard to come up with as it is widely popular for name!, Maruca vitrata, is the cowpea mosaic virus and Pseudocercospora cruenta tolerant with an pod! Peduncle ( flower stalk cowpea in marathi and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle subspecies of in. For fodder as well as minerals and vitamins गुळाच्या दरात १५० रुपयांनी वाढ घेतलेल्या तुतीच्या पिकावरच रेशीम अळ्यांचे संगोपन कोषांचे... Language Barrier: Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English,,... Seasonal rains other cowpea in marathi: Spiked millet, Pearl millet 2 were used by Greeks. ( पशुसंवर्धन ) आहेत. ) show you a description here but the site won ’ t allow us and.