australia geographical features

Australia, the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere. Australia is a continent and an island located in Oceania between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. In addition, endangered coral reefs are common on Australia's coast—the most famous of these is the Great Barrier Reef. The lengths of the 10 longest rivers in Australia were re-calculated in September 2008 by Geoscience Australia using data from the National Topographic Database. Australia/Oceania is the smallest continent of the seven continents and many consider it as the largest island in the world, however, Greenland is the biggest island country. The runner up for Australia’s longest river is the Murrumbidgee River in New South Wales at 1,485 kilometres. It has an executive branch with Queen Elizabeth II as the Chief of State as well as a separate prime minister as head of government. The first of these is Australia. Although it is a large country, its topography is not too varied, and most of it consists of low desert plateau. Geoscience Australia is the government's technical adviser on all aspects of geoscience, and custodian of the geographical and geological data and knowledge of the … Which other pieces of geography trivia about Australia do you know? Most of the first settlers in Australia were convicts who had been transported there from England. GeoGuessr is a geography game which takes you on a journey around the world and challenges your ability to recognize your surroundings. Australia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO), and Pacific Islands Forum.The UN is an international organization that was founded in 1945 after WWII by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, promoting social progress, better living standards, and human rights. The runner up is the Great Sandy desert in Western Australia at 267,250 square kilometres. Australia's Geographic Features The diversity of Australia’s features are significant and for those not familiar with the scale of the country, it is easy to think of it as a relatively small island. Most of Australia and Oceania is under the Pacific, a vast body of water that is larger than all the Earth’s continental landmasses and islands combined. Although it is a large country, its topography is not too varied, and most of it consists of low desert plateau. Many international travelers visiting Australia underestimate the distances between cities and travel times. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef system and it stretches over an area of 133,000 square miles (344,400 square kilometers.). Australia is a country in the Southern Hemisphere, south of Asia, near Indonesia, New Zealand, and Papua New Guinea. Another surpassing Mount Koscuiszko is Mawson’s Peak on Heard Island, which is 2745 metres high and forms the summit of an active volcano called Big Ben. It is one of the largest countries on Earth. It is known for a high life expectancy, its education, quality of life, biodiversity, and tourism. The coastal areas and islands receive more rain and are much better suited to settlement. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Australia. Geography, Climate, and Biodiversity Australia is located in Oceania between the Indian and South Pacific Oceans. Australia is one of the largest countries on Earth, and the only … Australia’s capital is Canberra, located in the southeast between the larger and more important economic and cultural centres of Sydney and Melbourne. The first sight of Sydney, whether from the sea or the air, is always spectacular. They were: In 1901, Australia became a nation but remained a member of the British Commonwealth. Kosciuszko is located in the Snowy Mountains region in New South Wales. Alpine forests, tropical rainforests, and a wide variety of plants and animals thrive there because of its geographic isolation from the rest of the world. In reality, it is a place so large and unique that the outsider view does not begin to describe its physical diversity. Australia, now officially called the Commonwealth of Australia, is a federal parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm. This document includes some material prepared by Australian government department Geoscience Australia, associated organisations and/or other authorities. Fraser Island off the Queensland coast is Australia’s fifth largest island but the World’s largest sand island. In 1986, The Australia Act furthered the cause. Although most of Australia is arid desert, it supports a wide range of habitats, thus making it incredibly biodiverse. It borders the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Indian Ocean to the west. It includes Australia, the smallest continent in terms of total land area. It includes Australia, the smallest continent in terms of total land area. Located in the Australian Outback, the rock stands more than 2,300 feet tall and can be seen from nearly 100 miles. As such, 92% of its vascular plants, 87% of its mammals, 93% of its reptiles, 94% of its frogs, and 45% of its birds are endemic to Australia. Australia covers an area of 7,741,220 sq km. Apart from Antarctica, Australia is the driest continent in the world. Instead, Australia's current physical landscape features were formed mainly by erosion. On February 7, he issued a proclamation that established the colony of New South Wales. The iconic image of Uluru that is so familiar in travel brochures and magazines belies the surprising shape of the rock when viewed from space. with an average elevation of only 330 metres. Australia is comparable in size to the continental United States. It is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. Australia is located in Oceania between the Indian and South Pacific Oceans. An Overview of the History and Geography of New Zealand, Geography and History of the Island Nation of Samoa, History and Geography of the Florida Keys, Geography of the Territories of the United States, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Our most famous rock of course is Uluru in the Northern Territory. This drainage basin comprises the major part of the interior lowlands of Australia, covering more than one million square kilometres, or about 14 per cent of Australia. In 1911, Australia's Northern Territory became a part of the Commonwealth (prior control was by South Australia.). Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. The northern half of Australia is situated in the tropical zone and the southern half is situated in the … The diversity of Australia’s features are significant and for those not familiar with the scale of the country, it is easy to think of it as a relatively small island. The main industries in Australia are mining (such as coal and natural gas), industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, and steel manufacturing. 50,188,934. The Australian mainland is in fact the world’s largest island and is often referred to as an island continent. Find out just how much you know with this geography quiz. Australia: geography and landscape. Statistical Geography allows users to understand, compare and analyse statistical data for informed decision making about all sorts of places from Cities and Suburbs to Regional Areas or Local Government Areas. On January 26, 1788, colonization of Australia began when Captain Arthur Phillip landed in Port Jackson, which later became Sydney. Create account to play. The Largest Rock on the Planet is in Australia. It also has the greatest number of reptile species in the world as well as some of the most venomous snakes and other dangerous creatures like the crocodile. Copyright © 2020Australias Guide Pty Ltd. Geographical and climatic features Australia is the smallest of the world's continents. Following the establishment of New South Wales in 1788, five more colonies were founded by the mid-1800s. At that time, it is believed that people from Indonesia developed boats that were able to carry them across the Timor Sea, which was lower in sea level at the time. 35 Geography questions and answers for your home pub quiz We may earn commission from links on this page. It is an island nation that comprises the Australian continent as well as the island of Tasmania and some other small islands. Australia has a strong economy due to its extensive natural resources, well-developed industry, and tourism. The calculations confirmed that Australia’s longest single river is the River Murray at 2,375 kilometres. From north to south the country is 3,200 kilometers long, with a tropical climate in the north and a temperate climate in the south. It is also known as the Eastern Highlands. Their assistance is gratefully acknowledged. Topping the list is Mt McClintock in the eastern sector of the Territory at 3490 metres with Mt Menzies in the western sector a close second at 3355 metres, both considerably higher than Mount Koscuiszko. Other island countries nearby Australia include East Timor, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Indonesia, and … Australia, an island continent, is the smallest of the continents, with a land mass of about 8.5 million square kilometers. Australia is in fact the lowest continent in the world in terms of its elevation. Australia is considered a developed nation, and it has the world's 12th-largest economy and sixth-highest per-capita income. Australia is the only country in the world that covers an entire continent. Properly called the Commonwealth of Australia, its territory consists of the entire continent and smaller outlying islands. Geography Facts That Will Blow Your Mind. No Ayers Rock or … Australia Map - Physical Map of Australia Zoom Map Description: The Physical Map of Australia showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. Formerly named Ayers Rock, it covers an area of more than 3 square kilometers and nearly 10km’s around the base. The Australia Geography Printables include the following worksheets: an Australian mapping sheet {map rivers, countries, mountains, and other geographical information} an Australian country factsheet to write down information about Australia including when it became a country, current population, climate, type of government, and more. For more details, see our Privacy Policy. Many international travelers visiting Australia underestimate the distances between cities and travel times. The Murray-Darling catchment also contains Australia’s longest continuous river system. There’s a fun picture round too, to divide the geography … It is the largest country entirely in the southern hemisphere and the largest country without any land borders. The highest point on the Australian mainland is Mount Kosciuszko, New South Wales, at 2228 metres above sea level. The outcomes of this review are available in this Information Paper. On October 9, 1942, Australia and Great Britain ratified the Statute of Westminster, which began to formally establish the country's independence. These worksheets on Australia are focused on the Geography of Australia and they are free to download, print off and use today. Australia Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ... From the most desolate roads in Australia to the busy, bustling streets of New York City. A Tour of Hidden Australia 10 questions. The highest peak on the Australian mainland is Mount Kosciuszko which is 2228 metres above sea level. Australia also has two major mainland territories— the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory (which contains Australia’s capital city of Canberra). Test your knowledge of the "land down under" with this Australian geography quiz. Australia is also surrounded by thousands of smaller islands ranging is size from rocky outcrops to some more than twice the size of the Australian Capital Territory. Most of Australia and Oceania is under the Pacific, a vast body of water that is larger than all the Earth’s continental landmasses and islands combined. Europeans did not discover Australia until 1770 when Captain James Cook mapped the island's east coast and claimed the land for Great Britain. The largest Australian desert is the Great Victoria desert at 348,750 square kilometres, spanning Western and South Australia. It is a little-known fact that the highest point on Australian territory is in the Australian Antarctic Territory. It is slightly smaller than the US mainland. 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