musk deer is protected in which park

200million cm3[4] of China's forest recourses were cut down in the past 25 years in order to harvest the timber stock in trade for commerce. • Carnivores are: Indian jackal (Canis aureus indicus), red fox (Vulpes vulpes), Himalayan black bear (Selenarctos thibetanus laniger) (V), yellow-throated marten (Martes flavigula), leopard cat (Felis bengalensis), Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) (V) and snow leopard (Uncia uncia). We studied anthropogenic pressure on the musk deer population in the Khaptad National Park, Nepal. The local Hindu culture is also imbibed by the Bhotiyas (may be with some Tibetan link) who have pastoral work culture and are an integral part of the valleys. [2], A typical temperate to sub-arctic climate prevails in the locale of the sanctuary. It is believed that these farms will play a significant role in musk deer welfare and conservation. The various places where Musk deer are found in India are, • Kedarnath Wild Life Sanctuary, located at Uttrakhand is the national sanctuary established primarily to protect musk deer.It is also named as "Kedarnath Musk deer Sanctuary". Due to enchroachments ,and climate change ,many of these are endangered and threatened. Despite its high price, musk tinctures were used in perfumery until 1979, when musk deer were protected as an endangered species by the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES). However, the Chinese government is greatly concerned with wildlife protection today. The diverse climate and topography in the sanctuary area has created dense forests of chir pine, oak, birch, rhododendrons and alpine meadows with incidence of numerous Himalayan flowering plants. The management of the wildlife sanctuary is done by the Uttarakhand Forest department. Cholestanol, cholesterol, androsterone, Δ4-3α-hydroxy-17-ketoandrostene, 5β,3α-hydroxy-17-ketoandrostane, 5α,3β,17α-dihydroxyandrostane, 5β,3α,17β-dihydroxyandrostane and 5β,3α,17α-dihydroxyandrostane can be isolated from the steroid fraction. Situated in the Himalayas, the park has rocks as well as steep mountains. The sanctuary is geographically situated in the Chamoli and Rudraprayag districts of Uttarakhand. The decline of the Siberian Musk Deer's population began in China where most of the deer population was abundant. Everest) National Park (SNP) was established in 1976 and covered 1148 km2 of the Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. Musk deer farming, therefore, has become one of the most appropriate ways to protect and utilize musk deer resources. [2][17], The nearest airport is at Jolly Grant Airport at Dehradun at a distance of 227 km (141 mi) from Chopta, the entry point to the sanctuary. [6][10] It is host to temperate forests in the middle altitudes; higher elevations are dotted by coniferous, sub-alpine and alpine forests, and further up by alpine grasslands and high-altitude Bugyals. Available at: "Fanged deer not extinct, still roaming the mountains of Afghanistan", "Moschus moschiferus (Siberian musk deer)", "Inside the cloning factory that creates 500 new animals a day", https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/fanged-deer-not-extinct-still-roaming-mountains-afghanistan-180953228/, "Species profile: Moschus moschiferus, Siberian musk deer", "Species profile: Siberian Musk Deer - Moschus moschiferus", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siberian_musk_deer&oldid=999497369, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Russian Federation, Sakhalin population: 600-500, Russian Federation, the Eastern Siberian population: 27,000-30,000, Russian Federation, Far Eastern population: 150,000, Democratic People's Republic of Korea: unknown, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 13:55. [2][3] Lakes, waterfall and high-rise mountain peaks abound in this forest belt, as do a number of old Hindu pilgrimage sites - Madhyamaheshwar, Tungnath, Rudranath, Kedarnath, Triyuginarayan and Kalpeshwar all are located within or on the periphery of the sanctuary. The Indian musk deer bears the tendency to be more secretive and they are easily seen either … Hunters catch and kill the deer using snares. In addition, there is an urgent need to give this species total protection in national parks and wildlife reserves in order to preserve genetic diversity and At the international level, trading musk is controlled through CITES. In Russia, the Siberian Musk Deer is protected as Very Rare under part 7.1 of the Law of the Mongolian Animal Kingdom (2000) and also under the 1995 Mongolian Hunting Law. and Balitora brucei. Only males produce the musk, so this creates a problem because females and young are caught in the traps and killed. It is hunted for its musk gland, which fetches prices as high as $45,000 per kilogram. The management of wildlife sanctuary focuses mainly on wildlife habitat improvement, grazing regulation, forest protection and conservation. Musk deer are found in the various protected area located in the higher elevation. Siberia. The number of visitors to the Kedarnath shrine, who passed through the sanctuary, was 5,57,923 in 2007 as against 87,629 in 1987, a quantum jump in 20 years. Chitwan National Park in the Inner Terai region is one of the best protected areas in Nepal and provides habitat for such creatures as the one-horned rhinoceros, royal Bengal tiger, sloth bear, and gaur, as well as several In the Mandakini River, fishes recorded include Schizothorax sp., mahseer Tor tor, Labeo spp., Gara spp., Barilius spp., Nemacheilus sp. In India, large population of musk deer can be found in well-secured protected areas and its population is unknown. After the 1980s, the production begins to steadily decline due to hunting for their musk glands. Once the male and the female deer have procreated, the females will become pregnant lasting over 6 months and can give birth to 1-3 offspring, usually between the months of May through June. Other ways the Siberian Musk Deer will mark its territory is by defecating in already marked territories or unclaimed territories.[5]. 874–881. The park spreading over 10,000 square km in five districts of Gilgit Baltistan and according to the locals it is a natural habitat for different species of … They are poached for its pod, which is valued at US$45,000 (Indian Rs 2 million) per 25 kg (55 lb) that is used in cosmetics. 6.5.1. Despite being commonly called deer, they are not true deer belonging to the family Cervidae. 1–8. [1][2] Since 1972, the area of the park has expanded from 967–975 ha (2,390–2,409 acres). The Government of Nepal protected musk deer as We studied anthropogenic pressure on the musk deer population in the Khaptad National Park, Nepal. In Russia, the Siberian Musk Deer is protected as Very Rare under part 7.1 of the Law of the Mongolian Animal Kingdom (2000) and also under the 1995 Mongolian Hunting Law. The Siberian musk deer is considered vulnerable, but is slowly declining to endangerment. During the winter, 99% of musk deer's diet are lichens. Deforestation is a severe threat to the musk deer's long term survival because the deer can only live in a few areas. Wildlife Division. [12], Media related to Moschus moschiferus at Wikimedia Commons. Wild Russia. [1] At Tungnath, two sedges, Carex lacta and C. munda, have been reported which had previously only been reported in the far west region of Nepal. Aconitum balfourii, Angelica glauca, Arnebia benthamii, Artemisia maritima, Bergenia stracheyi, and Dactylorhiza hatagirea are among the threatened medicinal plant species of the sanctuary. ). [2][7], The sanctuary is reputed to be one of the world’s richest bio-reserves. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the deer, but this is seldom done. Siberian Musk deer have a preference for easily digestible nutritious foods. During breeding season, male deer will grow tusks instead of antlers. Qi, W.-H., Li, J., Zhang, X.-Y., Wang, Z.-K., Li, X.-X., Yang, C.-Z., Fu, W. and Yue, B.-S. (2011) ‘The reproductive performance of female forest musk deer () in captivity’, Theriogenology, 76(5), pp. At Kalatop Khajjiar wildlife sanctuary focuses mainly on wildlife habitat improvement, grazing regulation, forest protection conservation. Has been designated a `` Habitat/Species management area '' by the Uttarakhand forest department was.... 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musk deer is protected in which park 2021